The latest independent NASA and NOAA annual temperature announcements in February found that Earth's global surface temperatures in 2018 were the fourth warmest since 1880. According to NASA GISS, global temperatures in 2018 were 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit (0.83 degrees Celsius) warmer than the 1951 to 1980 mean. Globally, 2018 was cooler than the previous three years. Collectively, the past five years are the warmest years in the modern record.