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Time Series: 1979-2021

Data source: Satellite observations.
Credit: NASA Scientific Visualization Studio
1979
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1979
2021

This visualization shows the annual Arctic sea ice minimum since 1979. At the end of each summer, the sea ice cover reaches its minimum extent, leaving what is called the perennial ice cover. The area of the perennial ice has been steadily decreasing since the satellite record began in 1979.

Sea Level Change: Southeastern US

Credit: Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets
2015
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Sea Level Change: Europe

Credit: Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets
2015
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Sea Level Change: Amazon

Credit: Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets
2015
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Sea Level Change: Southeast Asia

Credit: Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets
2015
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Recent satellite observations have detected that the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets are losing ice. Even a partial loss of these ice sheets would cause a 1-meter (3-foot) rise. If lost completely, both ice sheets contain enough water to raise sea level by 66 meters (217 feet).

This visualization shows the effect on coastal regions for each meter of sea level rise, up to 6 meters (19.7 feet). Land that would be covered in water is shaded red.

Time Series: 2002-2022

Data source: Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS).
Credit: NASA
September
2002
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Time Series: 2002-2022 key
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2002
2022
Drag
374 ppm

This time series shows global changes in the concentration and distribution of carbon dioxide since 2002 at an altitude range of 1.9 to 8 miles. The yellow-to-red regions indicate higher concentrations of CO2, while blue-to-green areas indicate lower concentrations, measured in parts per million.

Time Series: 1884 to 2021

Data source: NASA/GISS
Credit: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
1884
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Time Series: 1884 to 2021 key
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1884
2021

This color-coded map shows a progression of changing global surface temperatures since 1884. Dark blue indicates areas cooler than average. Dark red indicates areas warmer than average.